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中学化学

 
 
 

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文言文常用单音节古今异义练习(100例)一  

2009-07-12 21:20:16|  分类: 高考专题 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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解释所列词语的意义,把答案写在后面的横线上。
1. 爱   我非爱其财而易之以羊也,宜乎百姓之谓我爱也。                                     
2. 按   既而以吴民之乱请于朝,按诛五人。                                                 
3. 比   比及三年,可使有勇,且知方也。                                                   
4. 走   双兔傍地走,安能辨我是雌雄。                                                     
5. 病   向吾不为斯役则久已病矣。                                                         
6. 再   问者 香于鼎,再拜。                                                             
7. 池   废池乔木,犹厌言兵。                                                             
8. 次   秦伯素服郊次。                                                                   
9. 董   余将董道而不豫兮。                                                                 
10. 都   军惊而坏都舍。                                                                   
11. 伐   此五霸之伐也。                                                                   
〔辨:每一令出,平(屈平)伐其功。                                                       
12. 干   哭声直上干云霄。                                                                 
13. 间   肉食者谋之,又何间焉。                                                            
14. 景   凡百元首,承天景命。                                                             
15. 戾   鸢(yuān)飞戾天者,望峰息心。                                                   
16. 廉   其文约,其辞微,其志洁,其行廉。                                                  
17. 令   年始十八九,便言多令才。                                                         
18. 审   审知故扬州阁部史公果死耶。                                                       
19. 速   至丹以荆卿为计,始速祸焉。                                                       
20. 汤   金城汤池。                                                                       
21. 信   冬夏睛雨,姿态万变,信造化之尤物也。                                             
22. 寻   未果,寻病终。                                                                   
23. 狱   小大之狱,虽不能察,必以情。                                                     
24. 坐   王曰:“何坐?”曰:“坐盗。”/停车坐爱枫林晚。                                   
25. 去   去京口,挟匕首以备不测,几自刭死。                                               
26. 稍   稍去近之,然,莫相知。                                                             
27. 均   均之二策,宁许以负秦曲。                                                          
28. 怜   可怜体无比,阿母为汝求。                                                          
29. 安   衣食所安。                                                                       
30. 拜   以相如功大,拜为上卿。                                                           
31. 鄙   蜀之鄙有二僧,其一贫,其一富。                                                   
32. 必   王必无人,臣愿奉璧往使。                                                         
33. 辟   连辟公府不就。                                                                   
34. 参   君子博学而日参省乎己。                                                           
35. 曾   曾不能毁山之一毛。                                                               
36. 诚   诚如是,则霸业可成,汉室可兴也。                                                 
37. 刺   自岁时伏腊一刺之外,即经年不往也。                                               
38. 摧   阿母大悲摧。                                                                     
39. 存   臣乃市井鼓刀屠者,而公子亲数存之。                                               
40. 第   第以今日事观之。                                                                  
41. 放   既而胡即放宁夏知府,旋升宁夏道。                                                 
42. 敢   役夫敢申恨?                                                                      
43. 顾   将军宜枉车驾顾之。                                                               
44. 管   郑人使我掌其北门之管。                                                             
45. 害   争宠而心害其能。                                                                 
46. 怀   诸侯亲之,戎狄怀之,以正晋国。                                                   
47. 捐   乃捐金于野。                                                                     
48. 可   高可二黍许。                                                                     
49. 控   将军角弓不得控。                                                                 
50. 款   一旦事变中起,衅孽外乘,辄屈膝叩首迎款,唯恐或后。                               
〔辨析:款塞入朝                   热情款待                 〕
51. 乱   乱曰:鸾鸟凤凰,日以远兮。                                                       
52. 落   矗不知几千万落。                                                                 
53. 牧   念高危则思谦冲而自牧。                                                           
54. 奇   恐此事非奇。                                                                     
55. 迁   顷襄王怒而迁之。再迁为太史令。                                                   
56. 亲   予虽亲在不敢言老。/其将归见其亲也。                                               
57. 寝   时座上有健啖客,貌甚寝。                                                         
58. 穷   固将愁苦而终穷。                                                                 
59. 渠   渠会永无缘。                                                                     
60. 如   遂绝齐,使使如秦受地。                                                           
61. 摄   侯生摄敝衣冠。                                                                   

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